When the elderly proportion of the population grows, public health care workload increases. However, little is known about elderly patient needs and ways that doctors may successfully promote active ageing. The rate of obesity among the elderly in Poland is 50% and it is alarming, as are the rates of physical activity and successful ageing (1.6%), both being one of the lowest in Europe. Meanwhile, the reverse is true for Norway. We assume that enhancing doctor interpersonal competencies is a promising means to promote an active ageing elderly population. Raising doctor recognition of patient needs, the improvement of relationship building skills and increased awareness for the promotion of active ageing are the core elements of an intervention programme.
Firstly, establishing the structure of psychosocial needs among the Polish elderly users of public health care and diagnosing their GPs’ interpersonal competencies and practices promoting active ageing. Secondly, based on collected data and international standards, constructing an e-learning intervention aimed at enhancing doctor interpersonal competencies encompassing the recognition of needs and opportunities to activate elderly patients. Thirdly, the assessment of that intervention.
A quasi experimental, non-equivalent control group design will be applied for GPs, with a parallel Separate Sample. Pre-test Post-test design for their patients. Participation of 600 general practitioners and 12000 of their patients in Mazovia region is planned. The predictive variables are patient psychosocial needs, as perceived by patients and by GPs, and doctor communication skills. The post-intervention outcome variables are: patient proactive attitude, patient satisfaction with health care and GP work satisfaction.
Long term outcomes include raising proactive attitudes towards ageing among the elderly and their GPs along with increasing public health care efficacy.