Another year of dynamic growth in business expenditure on R&D in Poland


The Polish Central Statistical Office (GUS) has published the latest data on expenditure on R&D in 2013. Thanks to the National Centre for Research and Development’s (NCRD) policy of stimulating the activities of entrepreneurs, the private sector R&D expenditure went up by PLN 950 million and is 17.8% higher than in 2012. In 2011-2013, business expenditures for this purpose grew as high as by approx. 80%.

This dynamic increase in R&D funding by the private sector has been made possible by innovative competitions carried out by the NCRD. Of the 2,755 contracts signed by the NCRD in 2010-13, as many as 1,637 concerned financial support for companies acting either individually or together with other entities as part of consortia. The years 2010-12 saw nearly a doubling of BERD - the ratio that indicates the amount of business expenditure on R&D. In 2010 BERD amounted to PLN 2.77 billion, while two years later it was PLN 5.3 billion. In 2013, these expenses amounted to PLN 6.29 billion, which represents 43.6% of Poland’s total R&D expenditure (compared to 37.2% in 2012).

- Regardless of this dynamic growth of R&D funding by the private sector in the last three years, it is necessary to further increase the involvement of entrepreneurs in financing R&D. By 2020 the NCRD will spend more than EUR 4.5 billion of EU funds to support R&D in Polish companies. I am convinced that this money will deliver long awaited results in terms of international competitiveness of the Polish economy, while at the same time opening up the prospect of post-2020 R&D funding from non-budgetary funds - emphasises Prof. Krzysztof Jan Kurzydłowski, Director of the National Centre for Research and Development (NCRD).

According to the data provided by GUS, Poland’s internal expenditures on R&D (GERD: Gross Domestic Expenditure on R&D) in 2013 amounted to PLN 14,424 million, which means an increase of nearly PLN 71 million compared to 2012. The GERD ratio calculated as the share of internal expenditure on R&D slightly decreased and amounted to 0.87% GDP. It should be recalled, however, that 2012 saw a record increase in GERD by almost 23%. In comparison, in 2009 GERD amounted to PLN 9.07 billion GERD, while internal R&D expenditure accounted only for 0.67% GDP.

The above signal information provided by GUS was developed on the basis of results of “Research and development activities carried out in 2014”. This study includes entities conducting R&D on a continuous or ad hoc basis: entrepreneurs, universities, research institutes as well as research units of the Polish Academy of Sciences.